Blockchain technology has been ranked as one of the most revolutionary technologies of the fourth industrial revolution. Its impact across all sectors of human activities can not be overemphasized from the open ledger, to secure crypto wallets, smart contract protocols and so on. The decentralization impact of blockchain has also helped the world in re-imagining tasks, value and activity distribution.
It should however be noted that as the technology is gaining traction, creating impacts and being used for problem-solving in some geographical locations of the world, the opposite is the case in some other locations possibly due to insufficient resources to support blockchain innovators, unavailability of research data shedding light on use cases and the general policy and regulation landscape of such countries.
It has been observed that there is a huge information gap in the curation of blockchain innovation in the developed nations compared to underdeveloped countries. The objective of this research is to conduct exploratory research on the blockchain use cases and innovation by startups and innovators in the Least Developed Countries in Africa. The research will eventually produce a report summarizing the blockchain innovation and solution for policy makers and partners in Africa and beyond.
|Kayode Babarinde||Executive Director, Africa Blockchain Institute, Kigali Rwanda.|
|Oluwaseun David ADEPOJU||Research Lead, Africa Blockchain Institute, Kigali Rwanda.|
This research is exploratory qualitative research. It will combine desk research of the current ecosystem and policy situation of the selected countries with in-depth guided interviews of selected blockchain innovators and startups. The research will be broken down into batches, starting with six LDC’s in this first cycle. In the SADC region (Mozambique and Zambia), in the ECOWAS region (Gambia and Senegal) and in the EAC region (Tanzania and Ethiopia).
Survey Data Collection Plan
|20 Document Analysis||20 Document Analysis||20 Document Analysis||20 Document Analysis||20 Document Analysis||20 Document Analysis|
|Interview with 20 Blockchain Innovators||Interview with 20 Blockchain Innovators||Interview with 20 Blockchain Innovators||Interview with 20 Blockchain Innovators||Interview with 20 Blockchain Innovators||Interview with 20 Blockchain Innovators|
|Total: (120 Documents and 120 interviews).|
Timeline of Research
|June/2021||(i) Country Based Document Gathering and Curation (ii) Recruit Research Assistants in the six LDC’s|
|August/2021||Develop Interview Instrument and Validate|
|September/2021||Desk Review and Document Analysis|
|October/2021||Qualitative Interview across the six LDC’s|
|November/2021||(i) Report Writing (ii) Proofreading (iii) Editing (iv) Final Design|
Budget and Cost
Research Data Curation and Synthesis - 15,000 TONs
Travels - 10,000 TONs
Internet - 5,000 TONs
Data Entry and Consolidation - 10,000 TONs
Data Analysis - 20,000 TONs
Research and Data Aggregation, Coordination and Collation - 35,000 TONs
Miscellaneous - 5,000 TONs
Total - 100,000 TONs
The research team shall report to the FREE TON evaluation team on the milestone and progress of the research every month end. A two-page report of the research progress shall be shared and discussed between the parties at the end of every research month up until the end of the research.
Documentation Ethical Clearance
(a) Participation Consent form will be developed and shared with all research participants before any data collection takes place.
(b) Ethics Approval will be considered and applied for in any of the six LDc’s where no form of research whatsoever can be done without getting approvals from all the necessary authorities. Research is currently being done on this and all information shall be provided in due course before the research begins in earnest.
(c) An in depth interview guide shall be developed once the research is approved and will be reviewed by all parties to ensure alignment on questions and data points.
(d) The researchers shall provide monthly one pager progress report on the progress of the report and shall be shared with the evaluation team.
(e) Any other document considered important as the research progresses shall be produced by the Lead Researcher and reviewed by the core research team before use.
The research team shall conduct themselves to the highest level of professionalism before and during the research and there shall be no corner cutting and hoodwinking whatsoever. All the boxes will be ticked and all the protocols of conducting research in the countries of focus shall be observed to the letters.